James "Shamus" Culhane (November 12, 1908 – February 2, 1996) was an American animator, film director, and film producer. Culhane worked for several animation studios, including Fleischer Studios, the Ub Iwerks studio, Walt Disney Productions, and the Walter Lantz studio. He began his animation career in 1925 working for J.R. Bray studios, and is known for promoting the animation talents of his inker/assistant at the Fleischer Studios in the early 1930s, Lillian Friedman, making her the first female studio animator.
- Shamus died on the 2nd of February, 1996 aged 87 in New York City.
- Shamus also worked as an animator on Walt Disney's Pinocchio, but was left uncredited on the film. During the production of the film he left Disney to work at Fleischer Studios.
- He was a lead animator on Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, in which he animated the "Heigh-Ho" sequence, which took him a total of six months to complete.
- During the late-1940s, he founded Shamus Culhane Productions, which was one of the first companies to create animated television commercials. It also produced the animation for at least one of the Bell Telephone Science Series films.
- Shamus Culhane Productions folded in the 1960s, at which point Culhane became the head of the successor to Fleischer Studios, Paramount Cartoon Studios. He left the studio in 1967, and went into semi-retirement.
- Shamus Culhane at the IMDb